Water temperature is one of the most important physical characteristics of surface waters impacting density effects as well as thermal effects on water quality kinetics and solubility.
EFDC+ provides a range of options to accurately simulate surface heat exchange and solar radiation attenuation in the water column. Multiple computed evaporation options are available to better represent your system.
Variations in salinity often impact estuarine stratification more than variations in temperature. In hundreds of studies EFDC+ has been shown to successfully predict the response of rivers and estuaries to ocean salinity due to seasonal changes in fresh water inflow and human activities, such as harbor and ship channel deepening.